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Women's History Month 2021: Women Who Made History

Join TCC and the libraries in recognizing the accomplishments and contributions of women in American history.

Several Most Influential Women in America

Kamala D. Harris is the first Black and Indian American woman to be elected Vice President of the United States Vice President of the United States of America. As a lifetime of public service, having been elected District Attorney of San Francisco, California Attorney General, and United States Senator in 2016. The White House-Kamala Harris

Biography, History, Facts--Links

https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/vice-president-harris/

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Kamala-Harris

https://ballotpedia.org/Kamala_Harris

Kamala Harris (Encyclopedia Britannica)

Kamala Harris (National Women's History Museum)

Kamala Harris Sworn In As Vice President (NPR)

Kamala Harris Becomes First Female, First Black and First Asian-American VP (BBC)

Kamala Devi Harris (US Congress)

Kamala Devi Harris (US House of Representatives)

8 Things to Know About VP Kamala Harris's Husband, Douglas Emhoff (Oprah)

Kamala Harris (Biography)

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/justice_pictures/Official_Justice_Ginsburg_sm.jpg

Ruth Bader Ginsburg was appointed a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980. President Clinton nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and she took her seat August 10, 1993. Ruth was the second female justice, after Sandra Day O’Connor, in the history of the Supreme Court.  Justice Ginsburg died on September 18, 2020. ~Supreme Court of the United States

Biography, History, Facts—Links

https://www.biography.com/law-figure/ruth-bader-ginsburg

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographyginsburg.aspx

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ruth-Bader-Ginsburg

Ruth Bader Ginsburg Fast Facts  (CNN News) 

Ruth Bader Ginsburg  (Academy of Achievement)

Writings by Justice Ginsburg  (Cornell University - Legal Law Institute)  

Arguments Before the Supreme Court by Ruth Bader Ginsburg  (Washington and Lee University of Law Library)

Ruth Bader Ginsburg Memorable Quotes Throughout Her Life  (Insider)

The Irony of Modern Feminism 's Obsession with Ruth Bader Gingsberg (The Atlantic) 

A Closer Look at the Women Who Have Served on the Supreme Court (KSAT - San Antonio)

Supreme Court of the United States (Supreme Court)

Tributes in honor of Justice Ginsburg

Notorious RBG Remembered

Tribute from the National Archives' Pieces of History Blog

Statements from the Supreme Court Regarding the Death of Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Supreme Court Press Release with statements from her fellow Justices.

Proclamation on the Death of Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Proclamation issued by the White House.

Rosa picture with Martin Luther King, Jr.

By refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus in 1955, black seamstress Rosa Parks (1913—2005) helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States. The leaders of the local black community organized a bus boycott that began the day Parks was convicted of violating the segregation laws. Led by a young Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the boycott lasted more than a year—during which Parks not coincidentally lost her job—and ended only when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was unconstitutional. Over the next half-century, Parks became a nationally recognized symbol of dignity and strength in the struggle to end entrenched racial segregation. https://www.biography.com/activist/rosa-parks

https://www.biography.com/activist/rosa-parks

https://guides.loc.gov/rosa-parks

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/rosa-parks-exhibit-at-library-of-congress-tells-story-of-her-life-in-her-own-words/

Rosa Parks - America's Library - Library of Congress

America's Library Discover the stories of America's past... Meet Amazing Americans · Jump Back in Time

Rosa Parks - Kidzworld

African American activist Rosa Parks has been called "The Mother of the Freedom Movement" and "The First Lady of Civil Rights."

"Tired of giving in" - Scholastic News/Weekly Reader Edition 2

Born into slavery in 1797, Isabella Baumfree, who later changed her name to Sojourner Truth, would become one of the most powerful advocates for human rights in the nineteenth century. By 1828, Truth had settled in New York City and became a preacher. She started speaking out about her experience as an enslaved person and advocating for abolitionism and feminism, while quickly gaining a reputation as a powerful speaker. Excerpts from Biography.com

Sojourner Truth: Online Resources (LOC)

https://www.nps.gov/wori/learn/historyculture/sojourner-truth.htm

https://www.biography.com/news/sojourner-truth-aint-i-a-woman-speech

https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/sojourner-truth

https://sojournertruthmemorial.org/sojourner-truth/bibliography/

https://www.womenshistory.org/exhibits/sojourner-truth

Katherine Johnson, Research mathematician, Space scientist, Astrophysicist

She won the National Technical Association's Mathematician of the Year award and three of NASA's own Special Achievement Awards. With her 33-year career at NASA Katherine Johnson opened doors for all women in science and mathematics. She is quoted as saying "Some things will drop out of the public eye and will go away, but there will always be science, engineering and technology,"

This excerpt is from "Katherine Johnson Was a STEM Trendsetter Before There Was STEM" from Christian Science Monitor, August 23, 2015

Katherine died February 24, 2020

Katherine Johnson: NASA Biography

Katherine Johnson: The Girl Who Loved to Count

She Was a Computer When Computers Wore Skirts

Katherine Johnson: Obituary (in Nature)

NASA's Real 'Hidden Figures'

Houston, Johnny. "The Life and Pioneering Contributions of an African American Centenarian: Mathematician Katherine G. Johnson," Notices of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 66, No. 3 (March 2019), 324-329.

Women Who Made History

  • Jessie Benton Fremont (1824-1902) 

Fremont was a writer and political activist. She was considered the brains behind her husband, John C. Fremont, and his famous exploration westward. She turned his notes into readable books and made connections in Washington, D.C., that eventually made him famous.

  • Marguerite Higgins (1920-1966) 

Higgins was a reporter and war correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune during WWII, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. She advanced the cause of equal opportunity for female war correspondents and was the first woman awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Foreign Correspondence in 1951.

  • Grace Hopper (1906-1992) 

A computer scientist and Navy rear admiral, Hopper played an integral role in creating programs for some of the world’s first computers.

  • Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910)

Howe was a poet and author, her most famous work being “The Battle Hymn of the Republic.” She was also a social activist for women’s suffrage.

  • Harriet Jacobs (1813-1897)

Jacobs, a writer, escaped slavery and later was freed. She published a novel, “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl,” credited as the first to highlight the struggles of rape and sexual abuse within slavery.

  • Barbara Jordan (1936-1996)

Jordan was a lawyer, educator, politician, and civil rights movement leader. She was the first southern African-American woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and the first African-American woman to give a keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.